INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL
Center for Understanding and Institutional Cooperation
Keywords: gas pipeline, geopolitical position, the development and stabilization of the region
The South Caucasus Pipeline (SCP) was built to export Shah Deniz gas from Azerbaijan to Georgia and Turkey. The pipeline starts from the Sangachal terminal near Baku. It follows the route of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) crude oil pipeline through Azerbaijan and Geor-gia to Turkey, where it is linked to the Turkish gas distribution system.
On the Balkans, European countries and the rest of the world fought fierce battles over who will control the gas pipelines, which means not only financial benefits but also powerful geopolitical pos-itions of the countries. After the failure of two major Balkan gas pipelines - the project "South Stream" and "Nabucco", the project TAP (Trans-Adriatic Pipe-lines) definitely won the battle, becoming the largest gas project on the Balkans in the last 100 years. This project will turn Albania into a very important energy artery in Europe. This will significantly affect the dynamics of the economic development of Albania, creating over 15 thousand new jobs with the pipeline in the next five years and over a billion euros will be gained from tax transition in the next 20 years. TAP Project is currently predicted to have two branches of its own. The first one is the branch tube which will be connected to the main TAP pipeline in Greece and will continue through Bulgaria (180 kilometers long), and is also expected to continue through Romania and Hungary towards Central Europe. The other branch, the so-called - IAP (Ionian-Adriatic Pipeline), will supply Montenegro, Bosnia and Herze-govina and Croatia, while an additional branch of it will pass through Macedonia and Kosovo. There is no dilemma that this project will be very important not only for the development of the region, but also for its stabilization and integration.
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